Emys Amazonica Spix, 1824
Fig. 11. Podocnemis expansa, RMNH.RENA 3294, alcohol preserved, recently hatched juvenile, syntype of Emys amazonica.
*Emys Amazonica Spix, 1824: 1; pl. I; pl. II, figs 1-3; Franzen & Glaw, 2007: 207.
Emys expansa; Temminck & Schlegel, 1834: 48.
Podocnemis expansa; Hoogmoed & Gruber, 1983: 342.
Paralectotype: RMNH.RENA 3294, 1 juv. (alc.). Loc.: ‘Macañon’ [probably Marañon, see Hoogmoed & Gruber, 1983] [Brazil]. Leg.: J.B. von Spix.
Current name: Podocnemis expansa (Schweigger, 1812).
Remarks.― The lectotype of Emys Amazonica Spix was selected by Hoogmoed & Gruber (1983: 343). It is housed in the Zoologische Staatssammlung München (ZSM 2446/0/1), together with a number of paralectotypes (ZMSH 7/0-14/0, 2446/0/2-7, 2447/0/1-4, 2730/0 and 3095/0). The numbers in ZSM differ slightly from those provided by Hoogmoed & Gruber (1983) and now follow Franzen & Glaw (2007), who provided the actual numbering system of ZSM. The type locality given by Spix (1824: 2) is ‘Habitat in fluvio Solimoens et confluentibus Javary, Rio Branco’ [Habitat in Rio Solimões and at the confluence of Javary and Rio Branco], which actually is a composite of two localities which are separated by hundreds of kilometers: Rio Solimões, in Amazonas State and the confluence of the Javari and Rio Branco in northern Brazil, Roraima State.
Temminck & Schlegel (1834:48) refer to this species and say ‘Le Musée des Pays-Bas doit à celui de Munich, les individus qu’il possède’ [= The museum of Holland received from that in Munich the specimens it has]. From this text it can be concluded that the Leiden museum originally had more than one specimen of this species, but at the moment only RMNH.RENA 3294 is present and no other specimens that would qualify as Spix material.
Pictures.― none known.