The Neotropical genus Salyavata Amyot & Audinet-Serville, 1843 (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) is revised. Eleven species are recognized as valid, with six described as new, arranged in three species groups. The variegata-group comprises: S. variegata Amyot & Audinet-Serville, 1843; S. dominica spec. nov. from Dominica and Lesser Antilles; S. macmahanae van Doesburg & Brailovsky, 2001; S. englemani spec. nov. from Panamá, Colombia and Venezuela; and S. webbi spec. nov. from the Amazon region in Brazil. The nigrofasciata-group comprises: S. nigrofasciata Costa Lima, 1935; S. wygodzinskyi Maldonado, 1955; S. alvarengai spec. nov. from Brazil; and S. brasiliensis spec. nov. from Brazil. The cornuta-group is proposed for S. cornuta Wygodzinsky, 1943 and S. berengeri spec. nov. from French Guiana, Trinidad and Venezuela. The first known female specimen of S. nigrofasciata Costa Lima is described and figured. Eggs and nymphs are documented for some species. Further, a summary of the species, a key to the species groups and to all species, and distribution maps are provided.
Since the publication of the first “Notes on Salyavata” (van Doesburg & Brailovsky, 2001), we received for identification several interesting collections. Thanks to this material, our knowledge of the genus Salyavata and the distribution of its species have greatly increased. Several Salyavata species are in first appearance very alike S. variegata by habitus and surface pattern, the reason that most of them were named as such by several authors.